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Bt Applications for Leafrollers

Monday Feb 04, 2019

Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a bacterium that must be eaten by lepidopteran larvae (caterpillars) to be effective. Bt is a great material for leafroller control because it is specific and has little effect on natural enemies. However, it must be applied 2-3 times to be effective when leafroller populations are high. Experience has also shown that in the spring, the high temperatures need to be above 65°F for 3 or more days so that larvae have a chance to feed on it before sunlight breaks it down. DAS provides forecast temperatures for all stations in the "Weather Forecast" and in the "Show Data Grid" table so that you can decide whether or not to use Bt or other recommended chemicals.

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Factors Affecting Bee Pollination of Tree Fruits

Monday Feb 04, 2019

Nearly 1,000 species of bees occur in the Pacific Northwest, but only a small number of species are useful in the pollination of orchard crops. Pesticide use and loss of appropriate nesting habitat have reduced the numbers of wild bee pollinators, leaving most of the pollination for commercial orchards dependent on honeybees. The success of honeybee pollination in tree fruits is affected by a number of factors, which in part can be manipulated by orchardists and beekeepers.

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Apply Mating Disruption Dispensers Before First Moths Fly

Friday Feb 01, 2019

Mating disruption dispensers work by releasing synthetic pheromone which prevents or delays males from finding and mating with females. Therefore, dispensers need to be placed in your orchard before the first moths fly and mate. First moth flight (= biofix) occurs at around 175 DD. We recommend to place pheromone traps before first apple blossoms open or by 100 DD whichever comes first.

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Combining Leafroller and Codling Moth Control Tactics

Friday Feb 01, 2019

The period of time when overwintering leafroller (LR) larvae are most susceptible to the new insecticides overlaps with the beginning of the codling moth (CM) egg laying period. Some new insecticides will kill overwintering leafroller larvae as well as codling moth eggs that are laid on top of the insecticide residues.

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New CM Control Strategies

Friday Feb 01, 2019

A new method of controlling codling moth has been developed at WSU where timing of the sprays is altered to take advantage of the slow start of egg laying.